Lawn Guide page 1cover_f97082a8.pub - page 4

Preparing the Site
The quality of lawn you end up with de-
pends on how well you prepare the area
before laying sod. There needs to be ade-
quate topsoil and the soil needs to be lev-
eled and packed with a lawn roller to en-
sure the topsoil will not settle leaving dips
and hollows, after the sod is laid.
Remove all rocks and debris from the
area.
Grade the area where you will lay the
sod and shape the area with desired
contours
Add topsoil, unless there is already 8-
10 cm (4 inches minimum) of good top-
soil
Rototill the topsoil to a depth of 8-10
cm (4 inches minimum)
Rototilling in one direction and then
doing it a second time at right angles
to your first rototilling gives a better
result.
Rake until the surface is smooth and
even, working to even out rough areas
or dips and hollows
Roll the lawn with a lawn roller. These can
be rented at most tool rental companies.
A lawn roller is basically a drum with a
handle bar attached. Water is added to a
drum, to provide the necessary weight to
pack the soil. Emptying the water during
transportation makes lawn rollers easy to
transport. This will expose any areas
where there is a hollow. Fill hollows and
pack again until even.
Installing Sod
What is Top Soil?
Lawn grass, and other plants, obtains most of
the vital nutrients they need from the top soil.
Topsoil is the layer of soil above the more
densely packed layer of soil which is known as
subsoil.
Before installing sod, you need to ensure your
yard has a minimum of 8-10 cm (4 inches mini-
mum) of good topsoil
Drainage
If there is any place where drainage matters it
is in the Lower Mainland, due to our rainy cli-
mate. Your property needs to be graded to
slope downward 6 inches in the first six to ten
feet from your home.
The proper grade on your lawn, is a mandatory
precautionary step in ensuring your home will
not flood. Of course, it is not the only step,
weeping tile and other drainage may be also
necessary.
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