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Lawn Maintenance

Lawn Maintenance.

For how to care for a newly installed lawn go to: Installation

Watering your Lawn.

Highland Turf Farms uses a blend of different grasses, or fescues, to ensure your lawn will endure both rainy and dry weather conditions, various soil types and degrees of sun or shade. Watering your lawn appropriately varies with weather conditions. How much water is needed for proper lawn maintenance depends also on your soil type, quality of care, amount of foot traffic and depth of roots. As new sod takes root, less water is needed for lawn maintenance than is needed in the initial weeks after laying the sod. Watering earlier in the day, or later in the evening ensures the water will be absorbed by the roots, rather than it just evaporating. Automatic sprinkler systems on a timer can also be an effective way to manage watering.

Customize your lawn maintenance, by recognizing different parts of your lawn may have different needs.Your lawn may require a little extra attention to certain areas of the lawn. If the grass is turning gray or has wilted areas it may need a little extra water on those areas.

Good lawn maintenance requires the right amount of water. Too much water is also not good for your lawn. It can invite disease insects and other types of damage to your lawn.

If your lawn has gray, wilted areas, this is an early warning that the lawn needs more water in that area, commonly called a “hot spot”. Almost all brown spots are caused by improper watering practices. Even over-watering can invite disease, insects or other damage to the lawn.

Mowing your Lawn.

One of the questions Highland Turf Farms often gets is how soon you should mow your lawn after you install sod. The answer is easy. If your lawn looks like it needs cutting – cut it.

Mowing is an important part of lawn maintenance. Improper mowing can leave your lawn vulnerable to weeds, insects and disease. Improper moving is one of the most common ways to wreck your lawn. This aspect of lawn maintenance destroys more lawns than insects or diseases do. Sunlight is absorbed by the blades of grass, and photosynthesis makes the grass grow. If you cut your lawn too short, there will not be enough leaf surface for the plant to absorb the necessary nutrients.

The key to easy lawn maintenance is having a clean sharp mower blade. Clean sharp blades make a cleaner cut without damaging the grass. Highland Turf Farm lawn maintenance recommendations are to be cut grass at 1.5 to 3 inches (3.7cm to 7.0 cm) depending on weather conditions and other conditions such as shade, temperature, water and light. The only grasses that can be cut very short are specialty grasses used for putting greens.

For the best lawn maintenance, scattering Over Seed to fill in areas where the grass is a little thinner can also keep the lawn from developing weeds.

Fertilizing your lawn.

Fertilizing is an important part of lawn maintenance. Proper fertilization keeps your lawn healthy and green. Fertilized lawns are more resistant to disease and the grass grows more vigorously. Lawn maintenance practices, like fertilizing regularly, enable your grass to compete against weeds. If your grass is healthy weeds have less of a chance.

Lawn maintenance strategies need to enable the lawn to get the 16 elements the lawn needs for survival. The three key elements needed are Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). All fertilizers have these three elements listed on the bag, as percentages in order. For example, N10-P10-K10 is 10% Nitrogen, 10% Phosphorus, 10% Potassium). Highland Turf Farm sells fertilizer that is best suited for lawn maintenance in the Lower Mainland.

The City of Vancouver offers this lawn maintenance tip. “Leave grass clippings on the lawn after you mow instead of raking and bagging them. This is also known as “grasscycling.” You save time, and the nutrients in the clippings provide organic matter and from 15 to 40 percent of your lawn’s nitrogen needs.” Homeowners and businesses in he Lower Mainland are trending toward avoiding chemicals.

Weed Control.

It is not possible to have a completely weed-free lawn even if you practice good lawn maintenance. Weed seeds are always blown in by the wind. Hand weeding as soon as a weed is noticed is a good practice. Allowing weeds to mature, increases their root system and may make them harder to get rid of even with good lawn maintenance.

Disease Control.

Avoiding lawn diseases is not always easy and even if you practice good lawn maintenance practices, you may encounter challenges from time-to-time. However, if you maintain a strong healthy lawn that is cut an appropriate length, neither over or under watered, you will be less likely to have problems with lawn diseases. Prevention is key.

Insect Control.

The City of Vancouver offers this lawn maintenance tip. “There will be less need to control pests, which eliminates the need for pesticides that might affect your health, harm other living things and find their way into local streams.”

Insects are more prevalent when the weather is hot and dry. Sometimes, you can have insect problems without you noticing the insects. They may be hard at work deeper down damaging the grass and the roots.


Sod, also known as turf, is essentially grass that is farmed and held together by roots. Highland Turf Farms uses local sod only as sod that has been transported for any substantial period of time often risks being dried out. Soil erosion, repairs to your existing sod and establishing grass quickly are just a few of the reasons why sod is needed. Highland Turf Farms sod is freshly grown!

Depending on the size of the area you need to repair, you may want to pick up just a few rolls or sod. If you need more than a few rolls, we deliver

Research in the turfgrass industry started nearly 100 years ago with the USGA Green Section whose motivation was primarily to provide a better experience for golf course members. Since then hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on research and you have the high tech world of turf management that has evolved to keep up with the demands of modern players and big business. (source)